суббота, 27 апреля 2013 г.

Russia celebrates the parliamentary system

In Russia established a new holiday - Day of parliamentarism which will be celebrated on April 27. This initiative was made ​​in 2012, Valentina Matvienko and Sergei Naryshkin, the leaders of the Federation Council and the State Duma of Russia.
Very good! Another reason for the meal or for reflection. And what is this miracle - the parliamentary system?
Here is a columnist for "St. Petersburg Vedomosti" Alexander Zhabsky asked this question the Secretary-General of the Interparliamentary Assembly of the CIS Alexey Sergeev and received a detailed response. And not one. But still unclear whether the "parliamentarism", it seems to me, have not reached.

Revered in contraction.

Let's try to find answers to questions.

  1. Why the State Duma of the Russian Empire, 107 years since the start of that mark this year, should start counting of parliamentarism? Perhaps it is necessary to increase the honorable age of our national parliamentary traditions, remembering the Ecumenical Councils, where elected king in 1612?
  2. Elections to representative bodies, "secret" or "false" - is an essential attribute of the modern Russian parliamentarism?
  3. Objects of reference and autonomy (independence) of the representative bodies of power - these are important characteristics of parliamentarism or minor?

All that is necessary for the state

MPASNG Chairman of the Board, Chairman of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Valentina Matvienko said more than once that "development is impossible without Russia's parliamentary strengthening public confidence in the institution of power"

Our reference.

Alexey Sergeev - Secretary General - Head of the Secretariat of the Interparliamentary Assembly of States - members of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
He was born on September 24, 1954 in Leningrad. In 1978 he graduated at the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute, "mechanical engineer".
From September 1977 to May 1981 he served as first deputy secretary, then - Secretary of the Komsomol Committee of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute. From May to September 1981, he was second secretary from September 1981 to April 1985 - the first secretary of the Komsomol of Kazakhstan Kalinin.
From April 1985 to January 1989 he served as deputy section chief, section chief, chief of assembling of technological complex of the Leningrad Optical-Mechanical Association.
From January 1989 to June 1990 he worked as an instructor, from June 1990 to November 1991 - Deputy Head of Department of the Leningrad Party OK.
From December 1991 to February 1992 he served as Deputy Director for Commercial Affairs of Leningrad regional factories for sewing fur and leather goods.
In February 1992, he became General Director of "Sampo" - a joint venture on the basis of LOMO.
From 12 January 2004 to June 2006, directed the administration of the Kalinin district of St. Petersburg.
In 2006, he received a second degree at the Academy of Public Administration, specialty "Jurisprudence"
On 28 June 2006 to February 2009 he was chairman of the Committee for Economic Development, Industrial Policy and Trade of St. Petersburg.
From 11 February 2009 to September 2011 (when Matviyenko) was vice-governor of St. Petersburg on urban agriculture, housing policy, housing and utilities, development, transport, communications, energy and natural resources.
On December 28, 2011 - Secretary General - Head of the Secretariat of the Interparliamentary Assembly of States - members of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
He is married. He has three sons.

Statement of Oksana Dmitrieva

January 13, 2011 the State Duma deputy Oksana Dmitrieva demanded a criminal case "on the fact of inaction and negligence in the performance of his duties due following entities: St. Petersburg Governor Valentina Matviyenko, the vice-governor A.I.Sergeeva, the head of the Kirov district of St. Petersburg A.O.Kondrashova due to poor snow removal and ice from the roofs of St. Petersburg. " The occasion was the death of 6-year-old child because of the ice has melted from the roof, which was also preceded by other death occurred due to poor cleaning of the city.

What is the parliamentary system?

- Good question. Here are just answer it briefly hardly possible.
Above the theoretical comprehension of the problems of formation and development of parliamentarism on the definition of this concept worked best minds, starting perhaps since antiquity.
In the XVIII century, the problems of the formation of parliamentarism paid attention to Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, a surge of interest in the development of parliamentarism in Western Europe experienced at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries, the problem of the formation of parliamentarism comprehended and studied in pre-revolutionary Russia.

In general, on the subject of parliamentarism, and if specifically - the modern Russian parliamentarianism is protected not just one or even a dozen theses, conducted serious studies were reviewed and comprehensively studied as a phenomenon as a whole and its individual aspects of it have varied, though what something similar, definitions.
If you try to formulate short and simply, it is a parliamentary system of society, which "is based on the assertion of the constitutional process by structuring the interests of social groups, and socio-political forces."
If anything, the parliamentary system, including the Russian parliamentary system - a mechanism.
The mechanism may more fully and parity, for a specific period of time, reflecting requests of government and civil society. Based on the separation of powers, the level of development of social institutions and in turn affect their rate of development.

- The extent to which the experience of the Russian parliamentary - as the pre-revolutionary and post-Soviet - used by parliaments of - participants of the CIS?

- In my opinion, today to talk about the direct borrowing, as well as the use of pre-revolutionary experience, it is hardly appropriate. As in the past years - refers to the first two decades of independent existence - and the Russian Federation, and in general all the states of the Commonwealth of Independent States in matters of democratic norms have made a qualitative leap. Came close, and in some areas even ahead of the so-called state of the current democracy. You can recall at least one of the main pillars of democracy - the election procedure. Rules adopted today by about conducting elections in the Commonwealth, with radically different from me in the Russian Empire at Chala XX century.
Thus, of the four most important selection criteria in accordance with which they can be considered democratic, the Russian Empire respected ... Only one. The principle of the secret ballot, at the same time, elections were neither universal (there was considerable property qualification, and residents of some areas of the country were simply excluded from participation in the elections), direct nor equal: women in general have been deprived of their right to vote.
Elections to the State Duma of the Russian Empire were not simultaneously in contrast to the currently existing system of direct elections, which take place in a pre-designated day.
The lifetime of the I, II, III and IV of doom elections were held exclusively by the majority system, when considered as elected the candidate who has received an absolute or relative majority of votes in the constituency. If the county were elected several deputies elected were those who received the most votes, according to the district allotted quotas. Elections by party lists were not made.
The elections were held at the Estates principle: Voters were divided on the Curia poimuschestvennym or caste lines. Different for each of the Curia and the number of stages of the elections.
So, there were two stages in the Curia of urban voters, three - to work, four - in farming. This system has existed with little change until the end of the IV State Duma.
We may recall the voting laws in the Duma itself. Agree, in the XXI century, it would be strange, for example, a vote by standing from a place where those who are "for", remain seated, those who are "against" - get up.
Either way out of the room - in this case, MPs who intend to vote "for", face the doors located, for example, to the left of the podium, and those who are "against" - at the door on the right. And this method of voting used in I, II, III and IV of the State Dumas. Today, there are electronic voting and counting of votes.
As for some of the general principles of organization of the State Duma of the Russian Empire, here it should be possible to talk about their use. For example, organizations factional activity, the culture of dialogue, find a mutually acceptable compromise legislation approved status of a deputy, respect for MPs to their constituents (although in the Russian Empire and the deputies were not, by law, are accountable to the voters), the organization "reception days" for voters the ability of voters directly, to communicate directly with their elected representatives.
By the way, save the photos Catherine Hall of the Tauride Palace, completely cluttered desk, behind which the deputies were receiving voters, communicating with them personally and directly delving into the issue of asylum. All this was done openly, publicly, there could be present and members of the press who had the opportunity to observe the process of receiving visitors. Acted and the principle of openness debate bills.
Of course, in this context, the principles of the State Duma of the Russian Empire used and the parliaments of the Commonwealth.
In russian.

Судьба России в XXI веке
Философия блога.

Петербургские политики и в настоящее время озабоченно следят за судьбой России, помещают в настоящем сетевом журнале свои статьи, ссылки на интересные сообщения в Интернете, наблюдения, газетные вырезки, предложения, заметки.
Какая власть сложится в России в 21 веке: анархия, демократия, олигархия, монархия, деспотия или, может быть, клерикализм?

Блог придуман после выборов в представительные органы власти в декабре 2011 года, которые, по мнению наблюдателей, были сфальсифицированы.
Народ возмутился столь явным обманом и вышел на площади в Москве и Петербурге. Авторы статей в этом блоге автор концепции сферной политики Лев Семашко, действительный государственный советник Леонид Романков, публицист Павел Цыпленков, журналист Александр Сазанов, искуствовед Сергей Басов, общественник Юрий Вдовин, юрист Сергей Егоров в те тревожные дни сделали соответствующие заявления.

На страницах этого сетевого журнала вы найдете интересные статьи:

Новейшая история России в книге
«Колбасно-демократическая революция в России. 1989-1993»

The Fate of Russia in XXI Century
Information about this site.

Blog created after the election to representative bodies in December 2011, which, according to observers were rigged.
The people protested so obvious fraud and went rallies. Deputies of in December 2011 made declarations.
What kind of state will become Russia in the 21st century: democracy, anarchy, oligarchy, despoteia, monarchy or, perhaps, clericalism?

Petersburg politics convocation today preoccupied follow the fate of Russia, publish in this blog his Notes, press clippings, links to interesting posts on the Internet, articles, Offers, observation.

On the pages of this online journal you will find interesting articles:

Modern History of Russia in the book
« Sausage-democratic revolution in Russia. 1989-1993»

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